The safety and comfort of your drive greatly depend on your vehicle’s suspension system. If a road is fully flattened, there would be very little use for suspensions but of course, that is not the case. With the vehicle’s axles and wheels connected to the suspension system, the main objective of the car suspension is to ensure that there is an appropriate amount of friction between your tires and the ground it travels on. This is so vehicles are given reliable stability, easy handling, and consistent contact with the road. Compared to other systems found in a vehicle, suspension systems are meticulously engineered to withstand a higher amount of stress. In this article, we discuss how a car’s suspension system works and the fundamental parts that ensure its constructive functionality.

 

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Dependent VS Independent Suspension Systems

A fundamental part of any vehicle, a suspension system makes certain your vehicle has optimized contact on the road. Stability and a comfortable is emphasized as the components of the system work together to absorb and dampen shock caused by various road obstacles. Suspension systems are divided into independent and dependent variants. A dependent suspension system is typically ideal for rigorous off-road terrain. It has a solid axle that goes across the width of the frame. With this system, opposite wheels work together as a team. When one turns to a particular side, the other follows. While built for tough conditions, a dependent suspension system may cause an increase in unsprung weight which can elevate the vibration felt while driving. It can be reduced, however, if the differential is mounted on the vehicle’s frame rather than on the axle. On the other hand, an independent suspension system doesn’t have a connecting axle which means that a bump on one wheel will not create a reaction to the others. The preferred setup of today’s manufacturers, the independent suspension system is popular for the more comfortable driving quality it bestows.

The true measure of a high-quality suspension system is in its ability to provide consistent traction and the maintenance of even weight distribution. Control is essential when it comes to a suspension system. For example, when accelerating forward, the rear suspension should prevent weight shifting towards the rear so the vehicle doesn’t accidentally launch itself upwards. When braking, the front suspension should ensure proper stability to avoid the vehicle from involuntarily jerking forward.

The Components of Your Car Suspension

Suspension systems incorporate multiple parts that work together in unison to ensure a smooth and stable driving experience. Considering only the basics, a vehicle suspension system includes the springs and the dampening mechanisms. All the bumps, vibrations, and other obstacles on the road surface that are absorbed by the tires are passed on to the spring and then to the shock absorber mechanism which dampens the impact. The springs are fundamental suspension components that grant your vehicle the ability to overcome irregular roads while providing reliable support to the vehicle weight and any other additional weight without sagging. There are three types of springs being integrated into today’s suspension systems. The simple and easy to install leaf springs were utilized since the early days on heavy-duty vehicles. We have the coil springs which are torsion bars coiled around an axis that shrink and expand to conform to the wheel’s movements. These coil springs are often the main choice to be utilized for the vehicles of today.

The shock absorber effectively reduces the movement of the suspension springs while minimizing vibrations. They assist in controlling the impact and rebound movement of a vehicle’s springs. When the vehicle encounters road obstacles, the energy is moved to the wheel and then to the upper mount and the piston rod of the shock absorber.

Suspensions struts are still shock absorbers, but the main difference is that they are integrated into a coil spring. As elemental parts of suspensions, this dampener is designed to minimize spring force impact while improving the suspension system’s structural support. Adding to that, unlike shock absorbers, the suspension struts would effectively support the vehicle weight.

Suspensions are essential in a vehicle’s stability and ride quality thus a suspension system must be kept in good condition to ensure safety and comfort. Each damaged suspension parts are certain to decrease your ride’s stability, reduce driver control, and also affect the quality of other suspension components. When it comes to the best prices for high-end suspension components, trust Automotive Stuff for a complete collection. From coil springs of various spring rates to reliable shocks and struts to complete coilover kits, we carry just about every suspension solution you need to make certain your two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive remains firm on the surface.

As an authorized retailer of prestigious brands like KW Suspensions, Eibach, H&R Springs, Pro Comp Suspension, Edelbrock, and Bilstein, Automotive Stuff guarantees that you’re getting the best suspension systems and suspension parts the market has to offer. All the high-quality systems stored at our warehouse are 100% authentic, brand-new, and properly packaged. What’s more, we also certify that all the suspension parts and components you order from us will arrive at your location in just three to five working days. If you have any queries regarding our suspension systems, please don’t hesitate to give us a call at 1-800-995-8177 or send us an email at [email protected]